corn ". Between the two wars, that is to say on the end of the cultivation of Meunier d'Apt,
successively appear the mower, the bleach harvester, the binder 16 - drawn
first by horses, then later by a tractor - and finally the thresher 17 . I will not enter
not in the many technical details involved in the use of these machines
agricultural crops and here refers the reader to volume II of Blés from the summer of 18 in which Pierre Martel
very good descriptions of the harvesters and other tools used in Haute Provence for this
effect (one can also find there references on the country of Apt).
In any case, the work of the binder, a device to which the people questioned in the
part of this study often refer, was combined with the use of scythe. "Around
field, to pass with the binder, we made a first passage with the scythe so that the
horses do not trample the wheat ”. The cutting of wheat by hand is therefore still practiced,
several of them remember the quality of the straws according to the varieties
harvested. This is the case, for example, of this farmer from Vachères: “[about Les Touzelles
and Blé meunier], as the scythe was used a lot, the straws of these wheat were
easy to cut. The saissettes 19 , they had a hard straw; to cut them to the scythe,
it was harder. But the wheat miller had the most flexible straw ”.
In addition, the tendency to lodging is a characteristic of Suckling Wheat which sometimes makes it
incompatible in the eyes of some with more and more sophisticated agricultural machinery.
“When the Wheat miller was going to bed, the machines weren't going convenient in there. So he
there were indeed the beaters [of the harvester] to bring in the ears, but when they were
lying like that, the beaters could not take them. So someone had to
goes with a pitchfork and lifts them up. It was complicated! ", Says for example this former
Grambois. Yet some of the young farmers who today cultivate wheat miller
consider that, even when poured, it can be harvested without problem with a harvester.
Finally, I gathered in the interviews a set of divergent assessments as to the
resistance of the wheat grain of Apt to shaking and wind. "We collected it from
preferably not quite ripe. Because if it was very ripe, while harvesting, it was shaken and
the grains were already falling. And then we made sheaves of it, what we called gerberons,
it was little millstones, and we let it ripen, we let it dry. The grain, like the
straw, was still green and it kept getting bigger in there. As long as all that was in the